Today we live in a period of extreme weather change. Other instances of climate change have taken place before, but nothing quite similar to what we are experiencing now. For example, Antarctica and Greenland hold enough water in the form of ice, that if it all melted, sea levels would rise by 80 meters (262 ft.).
Throughout the Earth’s history, water levels have been higher that those of today. By looking at the graph above, we can see three instances spanning 3 million years and the levels of water each period had as compared to today. The problem is that in the next hundred years, our planet will see much warmer temperatures than anything experienced for millions of years.
Now, and just for argument’s sake, we’ll not take into account a sea level rise of 80 meters (262 ft.), but instead we’ll look at levels just 6 meters (20 ft.) higher. Now here are the top 10 countries which will have the most to suffer according to climatecentral.org, and who have the largest number of people currently living under this 6 meter level.
10. The Netherlands
In terms of its population, The Netherlands will be hit the hardest with 62% (10 million people) living under this 6 meter barrier. Even with their sea barrier, they will suffer tremendously and much of the country will be under water.
With over 49,000 square miles below the line, Brazil is on the 9th place on this list. Rio de Janeiro will be severely affected by this modest 6 meter rise. Even if just 5% of the population will be affected, that sums up to over 11 million people.
Egypt’s Nile delta is already turning into a salt water wasteland because of the rising sea levels. With much of the country’s population living here, this will become soon enough a very serious problem. The ancient port city of Alexandria will be entirely under water. With 15% of the population living here, 12 million people will need to be displaced.
7. The United States
15 million people within the United States will have to move further inland if they want to survive just a 6 meter rise in sea levels. New York, the largest metropolitan area will have large parts of its land mass under water.
Tokyo, the largest metropolitan area in the world and Japan’s capital will see large parts being submerged into the Tokyo Bay. With 16% of the population being displaced, 21 million people will need to find homes somewhere else.
The most densely populated country in the world, Bangladesh will see tremendous changes in the Ganges delta which will be severely affected. 14% or 22 million people will have to move further inland.
In 4th place is the archipelago nation of Indonesia with 23 million or 10% of its population living under the 6 meter line. It’s capital of Jakarta will be about half submerged under water.
India being the second most populous country in the world will have just 2% of its entire population affected since the majority live inland. Nevertheless, this number sums up to somewhere around 28 million people. Mumbai will literally turn into an island when the sea levels will go above 6 meters.
With over 36% of the entire population of Vietnam living on the coast, the country will face tremendous difficulty moving this large number of people inland. The country’s southern tip will be completely submerged under the South China Sea together with the capital city of Ho Chi Minh. This makes up somewhere around 32 million people.
Not surprisingly, the most populous country in the world, China, is also the most affected one. Over 85 million people live under the 6 meter line and some of it’s most important cities like Shanghai will be completely submerged when water levels will be high enough.
Now if you didn’t see your country in this list, don’t worry, these were only the countries which will be the most affected in terms of people living under the 6 meter line. Below we have some more photos made by National Geographic, showing us how the world would look like when the entire ice will melt.
Thanks to the guys at The Daily Conversation, we are able to share these news with you. Below we have a video explaining in detail this list as well as what we should do next in order to minimize the damage done by our own ignorance.