With its 170,000 sq. kilometers (105,600 sq. mi.), the Simpson Desert, which its red scorched, offers some of the most striking views of any desert in the world. Is the best example of a dune desert with some banks of sand forming over 40,000 years ago when the area began to heat up.
The dunes are all parallel to each other and have an average height of about 20 meters which makes them among the highest in the world. The reddish color comes from the iron oxides found within the sand. The entire area receives barely more water than the Sahara and temperatures during summer often times reach over 50 degrees Celsius (122 F.).
To the north we can find a sandstone block, the Chambers Pillar which turns golden when hit by the morning light. To the west we have Finke River and to the east, the rivers Diamantina and Georgina. To the south is Lake Eyre.
Long ago seven aborigine tribes used to make this desert their home. Especially close to the rivers and the desert’s edge. Many wells and other water structures have been found within the desert, as well as many names given to many landmarks; which can tell us that they frequently crossed it.
The Simpson Desert is home to some 150 bird species, including the rare Eyre Redbreast which was, until recently, thought extinct. We can also find the Australian Bustard,Wedge-tailed Eagles, brown falcons and many others.Most of the mammals and reptiles are nocturnal in nature and can rarely be seen during the day. Dingoes also call the Simpson Desert their home. Foxes, hares, camels and donkey can be seen among the dunes and underbrush.
Plant life has a short life span here, growing, flowering and spreading their seeds in the two months that make up the rainy season. Nevertheless, this desert is nowhere near to being a dead zone since life can always find a way, even in the harshest of environments.