Hidden within the eastern chain of the Himalayas, Bhutan has one of the most mountainous rough terrains in the world. It’s a landlocked country situated between China and India, with a surface area smaller than Switzerland and entirely mountainous with the exception of a 10 mile strip of land on the southern border, which is a flat tropical forest.
The country’s peaks form an outstanding “ladder” from south to north, with elevation raging between 300 meters to 7000. At around 5000 meters altitude, somewhere in the middle of the country, there are the Black Mountains. These form a natural border between south and central Bhutan.
This area is a virtual maze of hills and steep ravines. The whirling rivers which flow down from the Himalayas straight through this place have formed this spectacular landscape while going down to the flatland below. These two rivers are the Mo Chhu and the Dragme Chha.
Most of the hills and mountains here are just to steep to be good for any kind of agriculture and are mostly covered by virgin forests of both strong and soft woods. There are however some stunning lakes, alpine grasslands and icy peaks like the Jou Dorshingla at 4,925 meters. Pele La which lies at around 3500 meters is the most important mountain pass through the Black Mountains and joins Faro to Trashigang.
Temperatures vary here according to the altitude but basically there are five seasons: summer, the monsoon season, autumn, winter and spring. The climate is generally temperate with warm summers and cold winters.
Because of the relative isolation of the country and the good nature of its people, Bhutan is a virtual sanctuary of all sorts of plants and wildlife. Among these animals we can encounter red pandas, boars, lack Himalayan bears, tigers, leopards and Gee’s golden langur, native to the country. There are also 449 species of birds which call this region of the world their home.